Hello and Good Day Everybody !
I am a new teacher in the school named Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Datuk Bendahara. This school is situated in Jasin, Melaka.
I am accepted to be one of the Guru Sandaran Terlatih (GST) here. There are 10 of us, my batch joined the schools in 27th June 2011.
In this blog, I share with you my experience and great things that are happening to me in the school.
There are also notes and things for good English class usages, so feel free to browse them whenever there are gaps between classes.
My mentor here is Hajjah Zaorah and she has been guiding me to be a better English teacher.
Thank you !
In this blog, I have uploaded
Literature lesson plans for form 4 and 5
working papers, reports after programmes, yearly uniform body reports, weekly reports, sponsorship letters, sample of memos and thank you notes, short stories and others.

Happy teaching, teachers !
Here is a good link to English Materials:

Pengikutku, Sila jadi pengikut untuk blogs saya !

Friday, November 11, 2011

Definition of tenses

Definition of tenses

Simple present tense
The simple present tense tells an action in the present time which is not finished. This can be a habitual action, such as the sun shines, trees grow and brush teeth every day) or a general truth, such as Malaysia is a developing country.
Simple Past Tense

We use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind. For example, I saw a movie. When the time is mentioned, it makes the reader know when the action took place, such I see the cheeky Zahid sings with his friends in the noisy class.


Write short notes on the eight parts of speech

Noun, pronoun, verb adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, articles

Simple Future Tense
We use the Simple Future to show an action that will happen. This Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. Example for the usage is, Standard five pupils will sit for the UPSR examination next week.


It is the part of speech (or word class) that is used to name or identify a person, place, thing, quality, or action. Most nouns have both a singular and plural form, can be preceded by an article and/or one or more adjectives, and can serve as the head of a noun phrase. Examples are:  I see the cheeky Zahid sings terribly with his friends in the noisy class.

It is a word (one of the traditional parts of speech) that takes the place of a noun, noun phrase, or noun clause. A pronoun can function as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence. Pronouns are a closed word class in English. Example of personal pronouns are he, she and it. Sample of sentence : I see the cheeky Zahid sings terribly with his friends in the noisy class.

It is the part of speech (or word class) that describes an action or occurrence or indicates a state of being. Verbs are divided into three types, the verb to be, verb to do and verb to have. Verb to be uses words such as is, are, was and were. verb to do are action verbs such I see the cheeky Zahid sings terribly with his friends in the noisy class.

It is the part of speech (or word class) that modifies a noun or a pronoun. Adjective: adjectival.mIn addition to their basic (or positive) forms, most descriptive adjectives have two other forms: comparative and superlative. Sample of a normal adjective describes the character of the noun that follows:  I see the cheeky Zahid sings terribly with his friends in the noisy class.


The part of speech (or word class) that is primarily used to modify a verb, adjective, or other adverb. Adverbs can also modify prepositional phrases, subordinate clauses, and complete sentences. Usually students use adverb to add information on regular actions such as I see the cheeky Zahid sings terribly with his friends in the noisy class.

A word (one of the parts of speech and a member of a closed word class) that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence. The combination of a preposition and a noun phrase is called a prepositional phrase. A word group (such as in front of or on top of) that functions like a simple, one-word preposition is called a complex preposition. Example is: as I see the cheeky Zahid sings terribly with his friends in the noisy class. The preposition in is used to show the place

The part of speech (or word class) that serves to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. The common conjunctions--and, but, for, or, nor, yet, and so--join the elements of a coordinate structure. Usually students use and, because to join ideas in their sentences.

A short utterance that usually expresses emotion and is capable of standing alone. Interjections are generally considered one of the traditional parts of speech. In writing, an interjection is typically followed by an exclamation point. Examples are such as Oh no,I lost my keys. Wow ! Look at that plane. Syyyy ! Please be quiet !

In grammar, a type of determiner that precedes a noun. Basically, there are two types of articles in English: the definite article (the) and the indefinite (a/an).The definite article does not take into account the first sound of the noun, but the indefinite article, a and an, takes into consideration the amount of the noun and the first sound. :  I see the cheeky Zahid sings terribly with his friends in the noisy class.

My Personal Reflection
          It is difficult for me to prepare this assignment. This is because I am a Maths teacher and I usually use Bahasa everyday. I do not know what tenses are and I usually read Utusan Malaysia and other Bahasa papers everyday. I avoid reading The Star or New Straits Times. I do not read English novels, but my colleagues do. Teaching in a rural school, that is SMK Air Molek, there is no need for me to learn English. So whem the lecturer asked all of us to prepare a topic on English, I became very afraid. I am afraid because I got this assignment last minute and I hope that I can get ideas on how to do this assignment and get an A. These are my problems. So I went home and the next morning I consulted my friends who teach English. They helped me by showing me what tenses are. I entered their class too. I did not feel embarrassed learning like other students because I forgot English already, and the English language has forgotten me too. So, I had to start from zero and I have understood tenses. I got exercises from my friend and I know when to put an ‘s’ for verbs in simple present tense. Alhamdulillah, my effort is useful, where I can understand the grammar and tenses and I still want to learn grammar as well. I kill two birds with one stone, that is to make this assignment and learn grammar, like I was in standard three.
          When I start doing this assignment, I used the Internet to find article, and luckily I found a good article from this blog It is full of English articles and I selected one article related to education. It is called Newspaper-in-Education. From what I have learnt, we can read the English newspaper, and also use the paper when we teach. What I understand is the newspaper can be used for Science, Mathematics and also History. We use the pictures to show our students. Now we can find many pictures that have Independence Day celebrations. I have other problems too , such as I need to prepare for Hari Raya, my child will take the UPSR exam and I have a mountain of work at school, but I still want to learn more about English this semester. To study for a degree and being a teacher, mother and other roles is a big challenge for me. Pray for me sir and I want to get A for English Language Proficiency 1 ! Thank you.

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