Hello and Good Day Everybody !
I am a new teacher in the school named Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Datuk Bendahara. This school is situated in Jasin, Melaka.
I am accepted to be one of the Guru Sandaran Terlatih (GST) here. There are 10 of us, my batch joined the schools in 27th June 2011.
In this blog, I share with you my experience and great things that are happening to me in the school.
There are also notes and things for good English class usages, so feel free to browse them whenever there are gaps between classes.
My mentor here is Hajjah Zaorah and she has been guiding me to be a better English teacher.
Thank you !
In this blog, I have uploaded
Literature lesson plans for form 4 and 5
working papers, reports after programmes, yearly uniform body reports, weekly reports, sponsorship letters, sample of memos and thank you notes, short stories and others.

Happy teaching, teachers !
Here is a good link to English Materials:

Pengikutku, Sila jadi pengikut untuk blogs saya !

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Grammar Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense


How is the present simple tense used?
The present simple is the tense used to describe actions that are timeless. If the time of the action can be defined, then the present simple tense is used. The time and/or place is stated or understood.

The Present Simple Tense is used in the following situations:
  • permanent actions
  • actions that happen on a regular basis
  • facts
  • statements that are always true
  • to state existence
  • to state feeling
  • static verbs
  • general actions
What is the structure of the Present Simple Tense?
Auxiliary Verb
Main  Verb
do - does

Verb in the base form

Present Simple Tense Chart

Auxiliary Verb
Main Verb


in New york.





in New York.

in London

in a big house.

a lot of money?

English in school?

the house everyday or once a week?

BBI 2411 Reading and Discussion Skills Skimming and Scanning



How do you skim?
Use as many clues as possible to give you some background information. There might be pictures or images related to the topic, or an eye-catching title. Let your eyes skim over the surface of the text and, whilst thinking about any clues you have found about the subject, look out for key words.
1. Read the title, subtitles and subheading to find out what the text is about.

2. Look at the illustrations to give you further information about the topic.

3. Read the first and last sentence of each paragraph.

4. Don't read every word or every sentence. Let you eyes skim over the text, taking in key words.

5. Continue to think about the meaning of the text.

What is meant by scanning?
Scanning is a fast reading technique. It's a way of reading to look for specific information in a text. Scanning can be used to look up a phone number, read through the small ads in a newspaper, or for browsing TV schedules, timetables, lists, catalogues or web pages for information. For these tasks you don't need to read or understand every word. Scanning is also useful when studying or looking to find specific information from a book or article quickly as there is not always time to read every word.
 Hints and tips for better scanning.
1. Don't try to read every word. Instead let your eyes move quickly across the page until you find what you are looking for.
2. Use clues on the page, such as headings and titles, to help you.
3. In a dictionary or phone book, use the 'header' words to help you scan. You can find these in bold type at the top of each page.
4. If you are reading for study, start by thinking up or writing down some questions that you want to answer. Doing this can focus your mind and help you find the facts or information that you need more easily.
5. Many texts use A-Z order. These include everyday materials such as the phone book and indexes to books and catalogues.
6. There are many ways to practice scanning skills. Try looking up a favourite recipe in the index of a cookbook, search for a plumber in your local Yellow Pages, or scan web pages on the Internet to find specific information.

Distinguishing Main Ideas from Supporting Details

Main Ideas
The gist of a passage; central thought; the chief topic of a passage expressed or implied in a word or phrase; the topic sentence of a paragraph; a statement that gives the explicit or implied major topic of a passage and the specific way in which the passage is limited in content or reference.

How to Find the Main Idea?
It's important to be able to find the main idea in a paragraph. The main idea tells what the paragraph is mostly about. All of the other sentences are details that tell more about the main idea. Sometimes the title or subtitle tells the main idea. Other times, the first or last sentence in the passage tell the main idea. In short, the main idea can be placed either in:
The first sentence of a paragraph or
The middle of a paragraph or
The last sentence of a paragraph
Not stated in the paragraph but need to be implied or inferred

Supporting Details

 A supporting detail is a piece of information that is more specific and used to explain the main idea of a paragraph, article or the whole passage. A supporting detail only describes about a small part of the main idea. It can be in the form of definitions, facts, examples, reasons, descriptions and statistics.
How to Find Supporting Details?

It can be found by asking and answering these questions:

BBI 2411 Reading and Discussion Skills Reading Comprehension

Questions 1 – 7 are based on the following passage.

Have you ever noticed that some days you look absolutely beautiful and on other days you do not? You have the same clothes on, the same makeup, the same face, and yet the results are different. The secret is that real, lasting beauty is not physical. Real beauty comes from attitude. If you have the right attitude, beauty is inevitable. If you do not, all the cosmetics in the world will not be able to help you. Advertisements sell more than the products – they sell confidence, poise, style. But those things do not automatically come with the product. They must come from inside you. So how do you achieve real beauty? The secret is simple. It is all in your attitude.

     Number one on the list is having joy and passion. Find something you love to do and do it. This will increase joy in your life and enhance your passion for living. Nowadays most of us are too tired to do what we love doing. However, you have got to give yourself this gift. Whether it is taking photographs or making your own clothes or doing woodwork, or becoming a first-class baker, you are giving yourself a gift. Yes, it takes energy, but it also creates energy in the passion you find for a new activity. It brightens you up. You will feel energized, interested, more alive and other people will be drawn to your energy.

      Kindness is another key to beauty. It is true that people remember striking physical beauty, but it is more true that people appreciate kindness more and will remember it longer. Stress is one of the ‘killers of kindness’. Sometimes we do not demonstrate kindness because we do not want to be drawn into someone else’s sorrow that will only increase our own stress. However, the irony is that when you reach out to people, it actually makes you feel good. Kindness can take many forms but the amazing thing is that the smallest gesture can leave the biggest impact on your life as well as the life of the person you were kind to.

     Physical health is often expressed in glowing skin, bright eyes and a toned-up body. Mental health is an important part of physical health. Your mind and your body are linked. Mental health is an important part of physical health. Your mind and your body are linked. Mental health rests on our ability to be happy, to have harmonious relationships with others and on our capacity for creative self-expression. Your quality of life will suffer if you have to deal with anxiety, depression or relationship problems. You must make a commitment to your own peace of mind. A vital part of mental health is spiritual health. You must not ignore your need for quiet and for peaceful meditation.

     Finally, you must have courage. You must take responsibility for your actions. The only thing that makes life meaningful is to live it with a purpose. It takes courage to keep working at creating a meaningful life despite its setbacks. Courage which comes from the French word ‘heart’, means being willing to take important risks. Courage and taking risks will lead to character building and character is what adds true beauty one’s physical self.

  1. You can buy confidence, poise and style.
A.    True
B.    False
C.    Not stated

  1. Doing something you love will eventually make you more popular with other people.
A.    True
B.    False
C.    Not stated

  1. Being kind will make us more physically beautiful.
A.    True
B.    False
C.    Not stated

  1. What does the writer mean when he says stress is one of the ‘killers of kindness’?
A.    Sometimes we fail to be kind because we are too stressed.
B.    Sometimes we fail to be kind because we do not want to be stressed.
C.    Sometimes we fail to be kind because we do not want to be more stressed.

  1. Which of the following statements is false?
A.    Too many financial and personal problems could mentally affect you.
B.    Spiritual health can be obtained by having good relationships.
C.    Many physically healthy people look more attractive.

  1. One achieves true beauty by being
    1. brave
    2. creative
    3. responsible

  1. We can conclude that ‘attitude ‘ is
A.    the way you think and feel about things
B.    the way you look at and appreciate beauty
C.    the way you try to achieve beauty and success