Hello and Good Day Everybody !
I am a new teacher in the school named Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Datuk Bendahara. This school is situated in Jasin, Melaka.
I am accepted to be one of the Guru Sandaran Terlatih (GST) here. There are 10 of us, my batch joined the schools in 27th June 2011.
In this blog, I share with you my experience and great things that are happening to me in the school.
There are also notes and things for good English class usages, so feel free to browse them whenever there are gaps between classes.
My mentor here is Hajjah Zaorah and she has been guiding me to be a better English teacher.
Thank you !
In this blog, I have uploaded
Literature lesson plans for form 4 and 5
working papers, reports after programmes, yearly uniform body reports, weekly reports, sponsorship letters, sample of memos and thank you notes, short stories and others.

Happy teaching, teachers !
Here is a good link to English Materials:

Pengikutku, Sila jadi pengikut untuk blogs saya !

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Parts of Speech BBI 1113




Parts of speech can be divided into eight different parts. They are:
  1. Nouns                                      5. Adverbs
  2. Pronouns                                 6. Prepositions
  3. Verbs                                      7. Conjunctions
  4. Adjectives                               8. Interjections


Nouns are words that are used to refer to people, places, objects, abstract things and qualities.
Zulaikha, Tan, Punitha
Yemen, Melaka, California
interest, delight , feedback

There are several types of nouns. They are:
Common Nouns
They are formed in words ending wih -ster, -er, -ette, -ess, -ey, -hood, -dom, -ant and others.
master, baker, launderette, sweetness, sisterhood, wisdom
Proper Nouns
Proper nouns are usually names of people, places, events and others. Proper nouns begin with a capital letter and they do not take any determiner in front of them.
Zulaikha, Halim (names of people)
Melati Ballroom, Italy (names of places)
Thaipusam, Mother’s Day (names of events)
Abstract Nouns
Abstract nouns are words that used to refer to abstract things such as ideas, feelings and qualities.
beauty, freedom, fun (abstract ideas)
happiness, sadness, pride (feelings)
patience, loyalty, bravery (qualities)

Collective Nouns
Collective nouns refer to a collection of things or a group of people. Collective nouns can be used either with singular or plural verbs. The singular verb is used when the noun is taken as an individual or as a single unit. Similarly, collective nouns can also be used with the plural form.
team, family, crew, company, public, audience, committee, staff

The football team is celebrating their victory at Burn’s Diner.
The football team are celebrating their victory at Burn’s Diner.
The committee wants Ayuni to attend the conference in Kuala Lumpur.
The committee want Ayuni to attend the conference in Kuala Lumpur.

Possessive Nouns
They are formed when an apostrophe and –s are added to the singular or the irregular plural noun.
Julia’s book
the students’ book

There are also different types of nouns that derive from the word-formation process. These nouns are compound nouns and complex nouns.

Compound Nouns
They are formed when two nouns are combined.
rain (noun) + bow (noun) = rainbow
head (noun) + master (noun) = headmaster

Complex Nouns
They are formed when a noun and another word class are put together.
black (adjective) + bird (noun) = blackbird
ice (adjective) + cream (noun) = ice cream


Pronouns are used to replace a noun and the expression that is mentioned before.

Hazza went to the market. He bought some fruits.

There are several types of pronouns. They are:
Subject Pronouns
I, you, he, she, it, we, they
The architect has successfully created a design that is extraordinary.
He/she has successfully created a design that is extraordinary.
Object Pronouns
me, you, him, her, it, us, them
My friends treated me to lunch today.
Possessive Pronouns
mine, yours, his, hers, its, theirs
Those socks are yours.
Reflexive Pronouns
myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
We need to take care of ourselves.

Demonstrative Pronouns
this, that (singular)
these, those (plural)
I have to give this assignment to my teacher.
These are the books that I bought from the bookstore.
Relative Pronouns
Who, whom, which, whose
Yassen, who scored highest in English, actually loves to sing.


Verbs provide information on actions done by a person or a thing.

Umairah sings.
The cat runs.

In other words, a verb is also known as the ‘action’ word.

There are several types of verbs. They are:

a) Transitive Verbs

Transitive Verbs need an object to complete the verb sense.
                                                Lian cooks dinner.                  (dinner = object)

b) Intransitive Verbs

Intransitive Verbs do not need an object to complete the verb sense.
George smokes.          (No object)

c) Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary verbs assist another verb in order to form one part of it. They are also said to be the ‘helping’ verbs. They include can, could, may, might, must, ought, shall, should, will, would, have to, have got to, must, need to, should have and ought to have.
I have to go back early.

d) Finite and Infinitive Verbs
A finite verb functions according to the number of subjects/pronouns.
For the first person and second person,
I sleep
You sleep
For the third person,
He / She / It sleeps
They sleep

On the other hand, the infinitive does not function according to number of subjects/persons. It does not change form regardless of the subject found in a sentence as it maintains the root verb (to + root verb).
To sleep.

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